Cannabis plants can grow up to 15-25 feet tall.
Cannabis is dioecious, having both male and female plants.

Female Cannabis plants have been cultivated for centuries for medical use.

Cannabis cultivated for medicinal use

female cannabis medicinal use Trichome Structures Exuding Cannabis Compounds

Facts About Cannabis

Botany: What Kind of Plant is Cannabis?

Cannabis Botany

“Marijuana” is slang for Cannabis, a genus of flowering plant that is a member of the hemp family. An annual, flowering herb, Cannabis is a native of Asia that has been naturalized and cultivated worldwide. Traditionally, three major classes have been recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. However, the case is made that these may simply be the most common versions of almost 700 variations of the same species.

Cannabis sativa, which originates in equatorial areas of the world, can grow up to 15-20 feet tall. Indicas, which grow at higher altitudes, are shorter and have larger leaves than sativas. Ruderalis, the shortest and most fibrous of the three, is also less leafy and distinguished by the ability to auto–flower.Ability to flower without the stimulus of a seasonal change in daylight.

Cannabis may be one of the most recognized plants in the world due its distinctive leaf structure of serrate-edged leaflets radiating from the base in a palmateHaving a shape similar to that of a hand with fingers extended. Cannabis is dioeciousBearing male and female flowers on separate plants., having both male and female plants, although monoeciousHaving male and female flowers on the same plant (most plants are monoecious). plants are not unusual. Both sexes flower but remain visually undifferentiated, except by size and shape, before flowering. Female plants tend to be shorter and have more branches while males are taller and less leafy.

Flowers develop as dense clusters or buds. Male flowers are less dense and hang loosely on sparsely-leaved flowering limbs. Female flowers, dense and bristling with leaflets, typically stand upright in thick leaf clusters along the flowering limb. Male plants are staminateEquipped with a stamen, the male floral organ that bears a sac-like anther, which produces pollen. and produce pollen. Female plants are pistillateHaving a pistil, the female floral organ consisting of a stigma, ovary (where seeds develop) and style. and produce seeds. Seeds are fertilized by wind-driven pollen.

Seeds germinate in the spring over the course of 3-7 days. A spindly embryonic stem topped by “seed leaves” emerges and grows to approximately 10 centimeters, or 4 inches. In the next stage of growth -- the vegetative stage -- the plant is stimulated to sprout leaves and limbs by increasing exposure to light during the lengthening days of summer. In nature, the plant flowers in the fall, triggered by the light signals of shorter days and longer nights.

Female Cannabis plants have been cultivated for centuries for medical use and for producing a psychotropicHaving an altered effect on perception, emotion, or behavior. effect. The chemical compounds that achieve these effects are produced in trichomesA plant hair or filament. clustered on the flowers of female plants.